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[[Script_commands#get_nd_present|get_nd_present()]] - return status indicates whether camera has an ND filter and/or a diaphragm
 
[[Script_commands#get_nd_present|get_nd_present()]] - return status indicates whether camera has an ND filter and/or a diaphragm
 
 
   
 
[[CHDK_scripting#set_nd_filter|set_nd_filter()]] - 0=auto, 1=in, 2=out
 
[[CHDK_scripting#set_nd_filter|set_nd_filter()]] - 0=auto, 1=in, 2=out
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==List of cameras with ND filter==
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{| border="1" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="article-table" style="width: 500px;"
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|-
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! scope="col"|Camera model
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! scope="col"|Notes, reference
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|-
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|Ixus - any
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|The cameras in the Ixus line-up lack a physical aperture and use an ND filter instead.
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|-
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|A450
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|[http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php?topic=874.msg9026#msg9026 A450 1.00D porting]
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|-
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|A460
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|
  +
|-
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|A530
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|[http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php?topic=586.msg6744#msg6744 A530 Chdk port - 0.4.1 beta]
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|-
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|A550
  +
|
  +
|-
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|A560
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|
  +
|-
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|A710
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|[http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php?topic=265.msg9337#msg9337 Bug Reports against Recent Builds -- Report bugs here]
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|-
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|A1000
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|
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|-
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|A1200
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|[http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php?topic=7889.msg95138#msg95138 SX260 HS Porting Thread]
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|-
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|G1X
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|also has aperture
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|-
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|SD*
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|See also: Ixus. Look up equivalent model in [[P-ID (Table)]]
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|-
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|SX240HS
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|also has aperture, [http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php?topic=7889.msg95174#msg95174 SX260 HS Porting Thread]
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|-
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|SX260HS
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|also has aperture, [http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php?topic=7889.msg95174#msg95174 SX260 HS Porting Thread]
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|-
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|TX1
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|
  +
|}
 
== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==
 
A disassembled IXUS800 (SD700) with photos of lens and ND Filter - http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php/topic,548.0.html
 
A disassembled IXUS800 (SD700) with photos of lens and ND Filter - http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php/topic,548.0.html

Revision as of 21:51, February 9, 2013

Many small form factor cameras such as the IXUS/SD series only have one real aperture setting, which is commonly f/2.8 at wide-angle (ie: when the camera is not zoomed in at all).

The lens in all point and shoot cameras (and some D/SLR zoom lenses) have a variable maximum aperture value (lowest f number), which means if a camera manufacturer lists the camera with the following zoom specs 6.2 - 18.6mm and aperture f/2.8 - 4.9. In this case, the maximum aperture will be f/2.8 when the camera is at its' widest focal length (6.2mm) and increases as you zoom in until you reach the telephoto setting (of 18.6mm) to an f-stop maximum value of f/4.9. That is, when zoomed in at 18.6mm your camera is at f/4.9 and can not go any lower (ie: to f/2.8).

Which is why you will get different aperture values when zooming in, despite these cameras having a single fixed aperture.

How the ND filter in these cameras work

When your camera detects a really bright scene, it'll swing the ND filter in. This in effect makes the scene look darker and will effect the exposure (but not depth of field like a real aperture would).

With the ND filter in, the camera can select a slower shutter speed without over-exposing the entire scene. Also, with the ND filter swung in, the camera will capture an image with an aperture of f/8 - This is a fake aperture value caused by the ND filter swinging in.

With CHDK, you can keep the ND filter out, and just select a faster shutter speed to compensate. In CHDK, you can perform this operation by going to:

Extra Photo Operations -> ND filter state

Just select one of the options from there: Off/In/Out

  • 'Off' means the camera is in control of the ND filter state.
  • 'In' means the ND filter is swung in.
  • 'Out' means the ND filter is not in.

Notes:

  • Not all cameras have an ND filter; all cameras of the Ixus series have a ND Filter instead of a real aperture, also some other ones, e.g. the A450, A460, A530, A550, A560, A1000, TX1.
  • Some higher end cameras have both an ND filter and a real aperture, e.g the cameras of the G series.

ND Filter Scripting Functions

get_nd_present() - return status indicates whether camera has an ND filter and/or a diaphragm

set_nd_filter() - 0=auto, 1=in, 2=out

List of cameras with ND filter

Camera model Notes, reference
Ixus - any The cameras in the Ixus line-up lack a physical aperture and use an ND filter instead.
A450 A450 1.00D porting
A460
A530 A530 Chdk port - 0.4.1 beta
A550
A560
A710 Bug Reports against Recent Builds -- Report bugs here
A1000
A1200 SX260 HS Porting Thread
G1X also has aperture
SD* See also: Ixus. Look up equivalent model in P-ID (Table)
SX240HS also has aperture, SX260 HS Porting Thread
SX260HS also has aperture, SX260 HS Porting Thread
TX1

Resources

A disassembled IXUS800 (SD700) with photos of lens and ND Filter - http://chdk.setepontos.com/index.php/topic,548.0.html

External Resources

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